|About the Reporters|
Professor of Law and Dean Emeritus, Indiana University School of Law - Indianapolis. LL.B., 1961, University of Illinois College of Law; LL.M., 1964, Georgetown University Law Center.
Professor Lefstein's prior positions include service as director of the Public Defender Service for the District of Columbia, as an Assistant United States Attorney, and as a staff member in the Office of the Deputy Attorney General of the U.S. Department of Justice. His professional activities include Chairing the American Bar Association (ABA) Section of Criminal Justice in 1986-1987; and as Reporter for the Second Edition of ABA Criminal Justice Standards Relating to The Prosecution Function, The Defense Function, Providing Defense Services, and Pleas of Guilty. During 1997-1998, Professor Lefstein served as Chief Consultant to a Subcommittee on Federal Death Penalty Cases of the Judicial Conference of the United States, directing preparation of a report on the cost and quality of defense representation in federal death penalty prosecutions. His publications also include Criminal Defense Services for the Poor, published by the ABA in 1982, and co-authorship of Gideon's Broken Promise: America's Continuing Quest for Equal Justice, published by the ABA in 2004. In addition, he has served as a member of the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Legal Aid and Indigent Defendants and for nine years chaired its Indigent Defense Advisory Group. In 2007, Professor Lefstein concluded seventeen years as chairman of the Indiana Public Defender Commission.
Robert L. Spangenberg
Research Professor and Founder, The Spangenberg Project, Center for Justice, Law, and Society, George Mason University. B.S., 1955, Boston University; J.D., 1961, Boston University School of Law.
Professor Spangenberg specialized in civil legal services at the beginning of his career, developing the Boston Legal Assistance Project, a neighborhood civil legal services program, which he headed for nine years. After a two-year foundation study of civil legal services in Boston and a statewide study of indigent defense in Massachusetts, Professor Spangenberg joined Abt Associates in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where for nine years he conducted national and local studies of indigent defense systems across the country. In 1985, he founded The Spangenberg Group to continue the study of indigent defense nationwide. During his 23 years as President of the organization, he has visited all 50 states, testified before legislative bodies about the justice system, and served as an expert witness in court proceedings. The Spangenberg Group has published hundreds of reports and studies pertaining to the country's system of justice in criminal and juvenile proceedings, and for more than 20 years, Professor Spangenberg has served as a consultant to the ABA Standing Committee on Legal Aid and Indigent Defendants. In February 2009, Professor Spangenberg joined George Mason University, where he will continue his work on indigent defense matters.